Volksbolts VW Parts Logo
Aerospace, Automotive & Marine Parts
    Technical & FAQ
    How To Buy & Contact
    Terms & Conditions of Sale

VW Codan R9 Hose VW Cohline R9 Hose

Volkswagen R9 Hose For Sale

Air-Cooled VW
Product Catalogues

VW Split Screen Van
VW Bay Window Van
VW Beetle
VW Type 3
VW Thing / Trekker
VW Karmann-Ghia
VW Engines T1+T4
VW Electrical


Other (Non VW)
Product Catalogues

Air Cooled Porsche
Rover V8 Parts
Ford Kits
BMC Era Car Parts
Land Rover Kits
Article Created : September 2008.       Article Updated June 2023

Correct Fuel Hose Selection And Fitting

Fuel Composition Changes Over Time
Why Use Ethanol
Problems With Ethanol
Fuel Hose Construction
Fuel Hose Manufacturer Selection
Fuel Hose Overlapping Standards
Fuel Hose Size (Bore) Selection
Fuel Hose Clip Selection
CHECK The Metal Inlet / Outlet Pipes On Your Fuel-Pump & Carburettor.!

VW Bay Van Cohline R9 Hose Link Buy "Best In Class" SAE J30 R9 Fuel Hose Here VW Bay Van Codan R9 Hose Link

4 Star Petrol Fuel Logo   Volkswagen Fuel Line Hose   E5 E10 Ethanol Petrol Logo

Fuel Composition Changes Over Time


Petrol has changed over the years : Do you remember filling up with BS4040 Leaded Four-Star.? (4* = Approx 98 RON)   We now have 95 RON (3* equivalent) un-Leaded with there being some 97/98 RON (4* equivalent) 'Super' Petrols.

The majority of modern (year 2015 onwards) Petrols are blends of classical oil Industry derived Petrols and Bio-Ethanols.   In the U.K. up to 5% Of Petrol is Bio-Ethanol - As mandated by environmental Laws.   This is referred to as "E5" blend (Typically 95RON).
In the United States the content is up to 10% Bio-Ethanol in places (E10 blend) with Laws now being in place to permit the use of 15% Bio-Ethanol (E15 Blend).
E85 and E100 are available in some places Globally.

As Of Sept 2021 E5 in the UK is being phased out and replaced by E10 blend fuel (10% Ethanol)

There are other additives in modern Petrols such as Oxygenators to promote cleaner burning; MTBE (Methyl-Tertiary-Butyl-Ether) being a well known additive in the USA.

Ethanol free Petrol (Zero Ethanol "E0") can still be found in the U.K. if you know where to look for it : These are exclusivly Premium grades of 98/99 RON.   100LL "AvGas" is Ethanol free but at risk of discontinuance

Why Use Ethanol


The molecular strucutre of Ethanol allows the fuel to burn more completely and therefore give cleaner emissions; So its use in fuel has benefits for air quality.   NOx, CO, HC and particulates are reduced by up to 30% which is great for reducing SMOG.

Tail-pipe emissions of CO2 decrease due to the lower Carbon-to-Hydrogen ratio of Ethanols : This makes Ethanol a great option for Governments to cut CO2 emissions nationally and hit Globally agreed targets.

Ethanol has a high Octane value (109 RON) but a low Energy value.   This makes it compatible with classic Petrol but means you have to burn more fuel for the same output effect from an engine.   You can increase compression ratio (CR) a little to help offset the loss in MPG due to the higer Octane rating of Ethanol.   The ideal Air/Fuel ratio for old fashioned 4* Petrol is 15:1 whilst with Bio-Ethanol it is 10:1 by weight - So some jetting adjustments may be needed to get the best results if you have Carburettors set up from the factory to run 4*.

Modern computer controlled Fuel Injection Systems will automatically adjust based on their own sensor readings.
Older fuel injection systems such as Bosch K-Jet may require elctronics hardware changes to cater for the use of E5 / E10 fuels.

As the majority of cars on the road today are equipped with modern fuel injection computers and are generally designed with E5/ E10 in mind then Governments are happy to roll out E5 and E10 as there are no deleterious or unexpected side effects as such.
However, older (vintage / classic) cars designed and made in the 4* era may encounter problems.

Problems With Ethanol


Unfortunately, these Ethanol & Oxygenator additions to Petrol are chemically aggressive and have a tendancy to infiltrate and attack the Rubber compounds historically used to make fuel hosing, 'O' rings and accelerator pump diaphragms.   These rubber components perish, swell and crack under the influence of Ethanol and ultimateley fail in their function.

Perished Cracked Weeping Rubber Fuel Hose
Picture of perished hose end courtesy of "coopersim" on the Volkszone forum

Weeping fuel lines can cause FIRES.!

Ethanol Safe R9 Fuel Hose To Prevent Fire

There is a lot of anecdotal evidence on Internet Forums and increasing quantities of formal Technical Reports supporting this viewpoint;   In both Automotive and Light Aviation user groups.

A report from QinetiQ (The old Defence Evaluation & Research Agency, DERA) has been published highlighting these concerns in relation to Light Aviation where MoGas (ordinary Petrol Station Petrol) is used

Click here to read the QinetiQ report

In terms of selecting an appropriate fuel hose for our classic cars we need to understand where the competing Standards of commercial fuel hose come from:

As an Automotive specific standards body exists then we automatically have to make sure products conform to their standards for sale into the Automotive sector - this cover issues of liability.   Though we could later cross-reference the other Standards to cross-sell into other fields such as Marine and General Aviation (MoGas Users).   There is usually a high degree of overlap between Standards from these differing sectors as they do feed off each other somewhat.

The specific SAE Standard for fuel conveying hoses is SAE J30, which can be broken down into its individual sub-regulations as follows;   The full SAE J30 specification can be downloaded by clicking here

  Title   Permitivity     Working Pressure   Notes
R2 Synthetic Rubber Tube And Cover Hose N/A N/A Oil & Ozone Resistant
R3 Braided Reinforced Rubber Hose N/A N/A Petrol, Oil & Water Resistant
R5 Wire Reinforced Rubber Hose N/A N/A Oil & Ozone Resistant
R6 Low Pressure Synthetic Rubber Hose 600 g/m²/day 50 PSI Inner Resistant To Petrol, Diesel, Oil Or Vapours
Ozone & Heat Resistant Outer
R7 Low Pressure Synthetic Rubber Hose 550 g/m²/day 50 PSI Inner Resistant To Petrol, Diesel, Oil Or Vapours
Ozone & Heat Resistant Outer
R8 Low Pressure Synthetic Rubber Hose 200 g/m²/day 50 PSI Inner Resistant To Petrol, Diesel, Oil Or Vapours
Ozone & Heat Resistant Outer
R9 Fuel Injection Synthetic Rubber Hose 15 g/m²/day 100 PSI Inner Resistant To Chemical Attack, Swelling, And Permeation By Gasoline, Oxidized ("Sour") Gasoline, Ethanol Extended Gasoline, Diesel Fuel, And Oil Or Lubricants Or Vapours.
Oil, Ozone & Heat Resistant Outer
R10 Low Pressure In-Tank (Submersed) Hose N/A N/A  
R11 Low Permeation Fuel Fill, Vent, and Vapor Hose 100 g/m²/day N/A Inner Resistant To Petrol, Diesel, Oil Or Vapours
Ozone & Heat Resistant Outer
R12 Low Permeation Fuel Feed & Return Hose 100 g/m²/day 145 PSI  
R13 Diesel / Bio-Disesl Hose N/A N/A Under Development
R14 Low Pressure Hose (Small Engines) 15 g/m²/day 50 PSI Other Characteristics As Per R9 Spec.

eBay Store 1.0m Cohline R9 Hose Link Buy "Best In Class" SAE J30 R9 Fuel Hose Here eBay Store 1.0m Codan R9 Hose Link

The general evolution of the hose Standard can be seen; Higher numbers representing the latest generation of Standard.   Though the gradings are not entirely linear; R12 is not necessarily better than an R10 grade as the two hose standards cover different application zones.
The R6/7/8 Standards represent the drive to cut vapour emissions on carburatted cars in the 1980s & 1990s, with the R9 Standard building on this to cater for the introduction of fuel injection and bio-enhanced fuels.

It can be seen that R9 fuel hose that has been DESIGNED to work with modern fuels has less than 3% of the permitivity of 1980s & 1990s fuel hose.   It even out performs the "A1" (ISO 7840) hosing mandated for use in the MARINE environment, where they are hugely stringent about fire-safety.! (See graph below)

The R6 & R12 data-points being from a reputable manufacturers data sheets; This shows that manufacturers try to EXCEED the Standard where possible.

Ethanol Tolerant Resistant Compatible E5 E10 Fuel Hose Line Permitivity

The fuel injection grades of fuel hose (R9 & R12) are backward compatible with low-pressure carburatted cars.   This and the exceptionally resistance to chemical attack, swelling and permeation of the R9 grade makes this grade ideal for use in the classic car sector.

The high permitivity of older fuel hoses means that as the bio-Ethanol content of Petrol rises that the older grades of fuel hosing will rot/perish/crack/weep at an increasingly quickening rate from the point of installation. This is because the escaping vapours 'wash out' the synthetic rubber compounds that help keep the fuel hose supple - the ensuing brittleness enables cracks to develop in the hose.

Perished Cracked Weeping Rubber VW Fuel Hose
Picture of perished hose end courtesy of "coopersim" on the Volkszone forum

The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) in the United Kingdom has issued a Mandatory Permit Directive (MPD) on Trelleborg "Hydro K" fuel hoses, mandating an elevated level of service checks on this type of fuel hose due to evidence of perishing in the above manner.

Click here to read the CAA MPD

Is it worth putting your (expensive) Camper Van at risk of catching fire for the sake of some fuel hosing..?
The SAE J30 R9 hosing is WELL WORTH the investment for the peace of mind it gives.

Fuel Hose Construction


Fuel hoses are usually constructed in layers rather than being single homogonous pieces of extruded rubber stock.
This is because the inside of the fuel hose does a very different job to the outside; The inside being for the conveyance of liquid fuel and the outside being exposed to the air, heat and other chemicals found inside engine bays (oil and anti-freeze residues etc.)

The inside "fuel conveyance" layer of R9 fuel hose is FPM / FKM / Viton family rubber. A synthetic Fluoroelastomer rubber that has excellent chemical compatibility with fuels and oils including Ethanol. The only material with better compatibility is PTFE / Teflon. However, PTFE is a lot more rigid and does not lend itself to being bent into radiuses in the same way that FKM / FPM rubber does.

A quick note here : "Teflon" and "Viton" are protected brand names held by DuPont of France and you are only allowed to use these brand names in sales and marketting material if you pay a license fee. This is re-inforced by their lawyers whom scoure online market places looking for infringments. Hence you will often see these materials marketted by their ISO / ASTM assigned chemical names FPM / FKM and PTFE. We use these words here for completeness of public information.

Fuel hoses will also have a middle layer that contains a reinforcement layer of fibres. These range from Cotton (in Codan hose) to Aramid (in Cohline).
The reinforcement is sometimes encapsulated in a third rubber type.

This layering is visualised in the below graphic.

fuel hose layered construction

With the Codan R9 hose we see the construction goes (from inside out) FKM - NBR - CPE

FKM = Fluorelastomer for Ethanol tolerance
NBR = Nitrile Butyl Rubber to contain the Cotton reinforcement
CPE = Chlorinated Poluethylene Rubber for the engine bay environment.

CPE is used a lot to encase electrical wires as it has good heat and chemical resistance: so it makes sense to encase fuel hosing in this material.

With The Cohline DIN 73379 type 3E hose we see the construction goes FKM - ECO - ECO

ECO = Epichlorohydrin Rubber

ECO is a more modern version of PVC / NBR that us used extensivly to make waterproof roofing - good chemical resistance but can promote corrosion in metals so some caution is needed.

Fuel Hose Manufacturer Selection


In recent years concern over quality of R9 fuel hosing has been developing in user circles; There have been suggestions that R7 hose has been re-labelled as R9.   Our experience with Codan is that fuel hose labelling can be washed so fresh labelling can be applied to custom order as they have done this for us.   In our case it was removing a leading car manufactures labels and applying a standard "Codan SAE J30 R9" scheme of labelling in its place.
Classic car owners also generally seem to be becoming wary of Chinese manufactured goods.   A quick trip into Google will yield plenty of examples of this concern.

The independantly researched and concluding advice on the V8Register Web-Site is To buy branded fuel hose from recognised manufacturers and AVOID unbranded "generic" hosing.   The downloadable slideshows on this link are well worth a read through
The same sentiments are expresed on The Hot Rod Web Site where they observe "inferior Chinese hose and fittings have seriously contaminated the supply chain" and where they suggest "buy name brand parts from a reputable manufacturer or distributor"

"Branded" fuel hose will have the makers name printed down its side-wall - in addition to the specification it conforms to and it's inner diameter.   For example;

Codan R9 Fuel Hose Side Wall Branding For VW

This makes perfect sense in-so-far that if you have made a great product then you would be more than willing to brand your name in to it.
Reputable companies such as Gates, Goodrich, Codan, Goodyear etc., all brand their original goods.   (This company list is not exhaustive)

Your chosen fuel hose supplier, shop or distributor should be able to provide a data sheet or a link to one on-line for your fuel hose, such as this one from Codan of Denmark - or this one from Goodyear
Kit car builders will need this for their SVA/IVA (vehicle approval) Test Inspection.

VW Cohline R9 Hose Link Buy "Best In Class" SAE J30 R9 Fuel Hose Here VW Codan R9 Hose Link

Fuel Hose Overlapping Standards


From 2014 onwards we have been aware of more "bio safe" fuel hoses, in addition to SAE J30 R9, being made available on the open market to classic car owners.

Gates Barricade being one such prominently talked about hose variety; though reputably difficult to find in the U.K and non-existant in the 5.6mm I.D size desired for air cooled Volkswagens.
We have obtained a datasheet from Gates here

Looking at the datasheet we can see it is designed to meet SAE J30 R9 and R14 permitivity of 15gms/m²/day
Gates are reluctant to publish the exact material make up of Barricade hose so its construction may vary to that of competing products. (i.e. the inner liner may or may not be FKM.   Or PTFE.   The liner/outer configuration is followed as per normal fuel hose construction.

Interestingly the catalogue entry lists the Gates Barricade hosing as "Marine" but the datasheet does not explicitly state any conformance with ISO7840 Marine Hose Standards.   The advice we have to give here is to only use hose clearly marked as compliant with ISO7840 if you are fitting the hose to a Marine Craft as Boat Safety Inspectors will be looking for clearly marked Marine compliance.

Cohline DIN 73379 Type 3E (Rev. 11/97) is being supplied by a few companies as "bio safe" hose.   We have a datasheet from Cohline here.
It is of standard inner/outer construction as per tradition for fuel hoses.   The inner is FKM and the outer is ECO
Based on this construction we can assume it is to a similar standard as the Codan SAE J30 R9 hose that we currently sell at Volksbolts which also uses the FKM liner material.
The Cohline data sheet also states that the DIN 733979-3E hose is conformant with SAE J30 R9.

What is becomming apparent from our research around the subject is that the SAE J30 R9 and R14 standards are becomming dominant, with competing national and industrial standards becoming subserviant to SAE for setting the de-facto for qualitative expectations.

Fuel Hose Size (Bore) Selection


It is of EQUAL importance to select a fuel hose of the correct inner bore diameter (ID) as it is to select the correct fuel hose grading.

One of the properties of Rubber materials is its elasticity; The ability to be stretched and to recoil back to its original shape.   The material essentially behaves like a spring.

This 'elastic' spring force acts with the natural friction generated between the fuel hose and the metal stand-pipes when the rubber fuel hose is stretched over the metal pipes (Inlet banjos on fuel pumps, filters carburettors etc.).   This generated 'grip' under normal operations will hold the fuel hose in position on the pipes (Similar to the way a rubber tyre grips the road).

This is shown in the picture below - based on the stock VW application of 5.5mm/5.6mm ID fuel hosing onto the 6mm OD metal stand pipes of the fuel delivery system.   The magic number for the amount a hose should stretch is 10% - confirmed in our conversations with Codan Rubber and represented in the diagrams below :-

VW Weber Dellorto Fittings

And for Dellorto carburettor 8mm hose inlet connections :-

ALL fuel hosing connections SHOULD BE CLIPPED for extra SAFETY.....Please read on into the next section

VW Beetle Cohline R9 Hose Link Buy "Best In Class" SAE J30 R9 Fuel Hose Here VW Beetle Codan R9 Hose Link

Fuel Hose Clip Selection


An ideal clamp will generate a UNIFORM clamping Force around the fuel hose, with this evenly applied Force helping the fuel hose to form a nice tight seal.

It is important to choose and use hose clamps properly.   Hose clamps are sized to fit specific diameters of fuel hose and should only be used for those fuel hose sizes.

Inappropriatley sized clamps will not perform as specified and will apply Force around the fuel hose enevenly.

There is a popular myth of worm and band clamps (Jubilee brand clips) ovalising when tightening and therefore they should not be used on fuel hosing.   This myth is almost certainly fuelled by people using inappropriately sized clamps; Though it is in part true

We can support this by comparing the 'Spider' diagrams of clamping Force below : To the left is an IDEAL distribution : To the right is a MEASURED distribution (Worm and band clamp...data courtesy of Norma Group).

fuel hose clip clamp ovalisation

As can be seen, tightened clamps provide a slightly ovalised clamping Force by design.   This applies to all clamps with a single tightening mechanism
The Force is lower on the rear side of the clamp due to frictional loses between the rubber hose and metal clamp as the clamp is tightened.

This effect is not problematic; These clamp styles are used in safety conscious Marine applications throughout the World.
They are manufactured to BS5315, have BSI KITEMARK & N.A.T.O. approvals & hold Lloyd's Shipping Register approval.


stainless fuel hose pipe clip selection

Clamps should be Torqued properly to assure a good quality seal - for captive nut and screw (Such as the ABA fuel hose clamps in the picture above) & worm and band clamps (Jubilee or JCS Hi-Grip)

  • Size #6, use 25-30 Inch Pounds
  • Sizes #8 through #16, use 30-40 Inch Pounds
  • Sizes #20 and higher, tighten To 40-45 Inch Pounds


ABA Stainless Fuel Hose Clamps For VW AUDI BMW
JCS Marine Stainless Hose Clamps For Rover V8

VW Split Van Cohline R9 Hose Link Buy "Best In Class" SAE J30 R9 Fuel Hose Here VW Split Van Codan R9 Hose Link

CHECK The Metal Inlet/Outlet Pipes On The Fuel Pump And Carburettor


With the increasing age and wear & tear taking its toll on Air-Cooled VW designs, people are encountering age related issues at an increased rate.

One issue of specific concern is the wear & tear on the press fit metal stand pipes on the VW fuel pumps & carburettors.

As can be seen in the below photograph : these press fit parts can work loose and pull out of the Aluminium castings.

Pierburg Fuel Pump On VW Beetle
Picture courtesy of Venomous Werks - Classic Volkswagen Specialist

If this happens on a running engine the results could be catastrophic : regardless of whether you have used the correct fuel hose & clips.

To check simply give the pipes a 'wriggle' : any looseness should be obvious.

The best repair advice we have Can be summarised as below :

  • Replace the entire fuel pump or carburettor with a new unit.
  • Refit the pipe using a strong Loctite compound.
  • Tap the casting and use a threaded fuel hose fitting of appropriate size.

Other Useful Resources & Articles